The Abruzzo Wine Region – Medieval Home to Montepulciano and More

Harry Lambourne
26th January 2022

Abruzzo has been called Italy’s last great wilderness and it’s easy to see why. An area unspoiled by modernisation. A mix of medieval towns and old fortifications sit amongst an array of natural parks. This helps to preserve both the natural beauty of the area and the rare creatures which call it home.

The only thing that could make it better is if they also produce great wine. Thankfully, Abruzzo does. The Abruzzo wine region is most famous for its Montepulciano, which is labelled as Montepulciano d’Abruzzo. However, it also produces a number of great white grapes, including Trebbiano, Passerina and Pecorino.

Abruzzo Wine Region
Vineyards in Abruzzo

The Terroir of The Abruzzo WIne Region

The Abruzzo wine region sits on the calf on Italy’s famous boot outline. This is a region which seems tailor made to support all things green and glorious, (especially vineyards). 

Abruzzo is a dry and sunny wine region, with an elevated terrain. Three quarters of vineyards are more than 610 metres above sea level, (MacNeil 412). These would be classed as major mountains in the UK!

The elevation means that they’re more likely to get ample sunlight. However, overheating could be damaging to the grapes. Thankfully, the coastal breezes from the Adriatic help mitigate this. This ensures the grapes are good and healthy.

These fantastic conditions are clearly doing the trick. The Abruzzo wine region is one of the most productive in the country. It produces around 22 millions cases more wine than Tuscany, despite having half the vineyard space.

Although the Abruzzo wine region is dominated by a great deal of cooperatives producing large quantities of everyday wine. Yet, amongst them, smaller producers are really harnessing the elements to produce unique and delicious wines. Wines that provide a real insight into the region, while remaining distinct to the everyday Montepulciano d’Abruzzo found in most supermarkets.

Grapes of The Abruzzo Wine Region

Now, you’ve got the low down on the terroir of the region. Next, let’s look at the grapes of the Abruzzo wine region and provide a bit more on the styles of wine you can expect from it.

Montepulciano

When talking about Abruzzo wine, things should start with Montepulciano. Montepulciano d’Abruzzo is one of the most well-known wines around the world. This ‘in demand’ wine produces nearly 19 million gallons of wine a year.

Montepulciano d’Abruzzo is a deep ruby colour and often particularly spicy. So, flavours of plums, blackberry, blueberry, raspberry and cherry all are likely to present themselves. On top of this, expect a mesquite-like smokiness, with notes of pepper, liquorice and baking spice.

A variation to keep your eye out for is the Cerasuolo Montepulciano. Cerasuolo, (which translates to ‘cherry-red’), refers to the cherry red colour of the wine. Like so many classic rosé wines, the shorter time in contact of the skin of the Montepulciano grapes allow for a lighter colour. A different flavour profile is also evident. There’s a real punchy acidity and elegance to this rosé, which displays strong notes of wild red fruit.

Trebbiano

Next, are the white grapes. Here, there is room for confusion. Trebbiano d’Abruzzo is one of six distinct varieties, known as ‘Trebbiano’ in Italy. It’s hard to pin down this grape. Some consider it not to be Trebbiano at all, but rather the ‘Bombino Bianco’ of Puglia. This is yet to be proved through DNA profiling though, (Robinson and Harding 755).

Look out for big flavours of ripe peach flesh with Trebbiano d’Abruzzo. On top of that, rich acidic flavours of green apples and lemons. Further herbaceous notes, often of basil, add complexity to this delectable offering.

Passerina

Another grape of note in Abruzzo is Passerina. Passerina was often mistaken for Trebbiano. However, this ancient grape, which is widely planted in the central region of Marche, is a distinct variety. The name of the grape comes from the Italian word for ‘sparrow’, (‘Passera/Passero’). Supposedly, this stems from Italian winemakers noting the sparrow’s particular love for munching down ripe Passerina grapes. 

In terms of flavour, the Passerina has a real kick to it. Delightfully acidic makes it infinitely refreshing. Undeniably light, with notes of apple, lemon, lime and delicate floral notes.

Pecorino

Last, but not least, on our tour of the grapes of Abruzzo is Pecorino. Pecorino is more than just the crumbly sheep’s milk cheese from Rome. It’s also a light-skinned white grape found across the regions of Marche, Umbria, Tuscany and of course Abruzzo.

There is a meaning behind these homonyms. Pecorino means ‘little sheep’. For the cheese, made from sheep’s milk the reason for the name is clear. While the grapes name is meant to stem from it being a favourite of flocks of sheep which were driven through the vineyards.

The sheep, (much like the sparrows and Passerina), were clearly on the right track because Pecorino is delicious. They possess a wonderful balance of sweetness and acidity. Fresh, but with a complexity that not many wines this light tend to show. Expect strong citrus and stone fruit notes, with floral, herbaceous and mineral elements.

Abruzzo WIne REGIon – Producers In Focus

Tenuta Arabona

Next is a look at our friends at Tenuta Arabona, who are pictured below. Now, many of you will likely have sampled one of their wonderful wines this month in our wine subscription boxes. So, let’s learn about the family who got their grapes into your glass.

Tenuta Arabona Family
Tenuta Arabona Family – Abruzzo Winemakers

Tenuta Arabona has been a farm since 1727, when it used to specialise in olive oil. Wine-making became the focus in the late 1960s and we couldn’t be happier. They converted to organic farming in 1991. They then went on to formally found ‘Tenuta Arabona’ in 2006. To this day, the family-owned farm covers around 20 hectares of vineyards in the Abruzzo wine region, with a further 1.5 hectares dedicated to the historic olive groves.

The vineyards are situated in the hills of Santa Maria Arabona. The hills share their name with a 12th century abbey, which gives the vineyards its name. This overlooks sprawling green mountains, olive trees and quaint farmhouses. All set in the background of the imposing Majella mountain, (part of the Apennine Mountain ranges).

We alluded to the fact that there are small producers making outstanding wine in the Abruzzo wine region. These winemakers are using innovative approaches to create natural wines which represent this stunning region.

Tenuta Arabona is one of them. A marriage of modern technology and ancient traditions. This serves to maintain the natural flavours of the region. Indeed, part of the reason organic, low-intervention methods are so desirable is their ability to more profoundly reflect the terroir of the region.

Di Ubaldo

The Di Ubaldo family are relatively new to winemaking. The family had worked for generations in the textile industry. This former life is seen in their labelling, which has a delicate fabric element to it. 

Many scoffed at their departure. Yet, once you taste the wine, you’ll be glad they chose the path they did. Drawing on nature’s gifts, they have adopted an organic approach. They avoid chemical and synthetic pesticides and fertilisers. 

They have over 15 hectares in the Abruzzo wine region, where the Di Ubaldo farm specialises in classic Abruzzo grapes, such as Montepulciano, Passerina and Pecorino. The vineyards are in the shade of the Girella and Feltrone Mountains. The Salinello river, which splits these twin mountains, also runs through their vineyards.


We’re proud to partner with both Tenuta Arabona and Di Ubaldo, who are both natural winemakers creating delicious wine in the Abruzzo wine region.

What To Do In The Abruzzo Wine Region

As much as any trip to Italy should have a big focus on food and wine, there’s much more to Abruzzo than this. We’ve stated that this region truly is an area of natural beauty. We weren’t lying.

Natural Beauty

Indeed, there are an abundance of national parks and nature reserves in the Abruzzo wine region. 3 national parks and 38 protected nature reserves to be exact. Pair this with Europe’s southernmost glacier and the Apennine mountains. This all serves to create a truly unique landscape. The perfect getaway for any oenophile who’s slightly wild at heart.

Abruzzo National Park Site
Abruzzo National Park
L’Aquila

If you’d rather soak in some historic towns, Abruzzo has it all. Indeed, L’Aquila, (which translates to the eagle), is the capital of the region. The winding narrow streets of this town sit inside old medieval walls.

Amongst this lively yet intimate city, you can expect to find lots of attractions. These include, roman ruins, art galleries and a symphony orchestra. This is all wrapped up in unique architecture. L’Aquila maintains it’s medieval, Baroque and Renaissance roots.

Pescara

Another great option is Pescara. This bustling metropolis has a more modern feel. They rebuilt much of Pescara in the 19th and 20th Century. This was due to the damage caused by World War II. This means that it truly possesses a distinct feel to L’Aquila. A fishing village at heart. Yet, it is now a vibrant and modern coastal town.

If you want to get away from the hustle and bustle, you can try Manoppello. This commune, located just outside of Pescara, makes a great destination for a day trip. Beautiful churches and delicious food. Also, you can even go visit our friends at Tenuta Arabona. They’re just a 10 minute drive, or an hour hike, to the north.


That’s our Abruzzo Almanac. All the need to know details about the Abruzzo wine region, to give you some more background information on this beautiful Italian destination.

Thirst for knowledge still not quenched? Want to learn about another great Italian wine region? Try our overview of Sicily – read here.

If you enjoyed reading this article don’t forget to sign up to our mailing list below. We are always creating new content to help other wine lovers learn about wine and we have a great selection of wines in our online wine store. So, have a look around, learn something new and pick yourself up something nice.

Works Cited

MacNeil, Karen. The Wine Bible. Workman Publishing Company, 2015.

Robinson, Jancis and Julia Harding, editors. The Oxford Companion to Wine. Oxford University Press, 2015.

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